Tango dance and tango music originated in the area of the Rio de la
Plata, and spread to the rest of the world soon after.
Early tango was known as tango criollo, or simply tango. Today, there
are many tango dance styles, including Argentine tango, Uruguayan tango,
Ballroom tango (American and International styles), Finnish tango, and
vintage tangos. What many[according to whom?] consider to be the authentic
tango is that closest to that originally danced in Argentina and Uruguay,
though other types of tango[which?] have developed into mature dances
in their own right.
Tango is a dance that has influences from European and African culture.
Dances from the candombe ceremonies of former slave peoples helped shape
the modern day Tango. The dance originated in lower-class districts
of Buenos Aires and Montevideo. The music derived from the fusion of
various forms of music from Europe. The word "tango" seems
to have first been used in connection with the dance in the 1890s. Initially
it was just one of the many dances, but it soon became popular throughout
society, as theatres and street barrel organs spread it from the suburbs
to the working-class slums, which were packed with hundreds of thousands
of European immigrants, primarily Italians, Spanish and French.
In the early years of the 20th century, dancers and orchestras from
Buenos Aires travelled to Europe, and the first European tango craze
took place in Paris, soon followed by London, Berlin, and other capitals.
Towards the end of 1913 it hit New York in the USA, and Finland. In
the USA around 1911 the word "tango" was often applied to
dances in a 2/4 or 4/4 rhythm such as the one-step. The term was fashionable
and did not indicate that tango steps would be used in the dance, although
they might be. Tango music was sometimes played, but at a rather fast
tempo. Instructors of the period would sometimes refer to this as a
"North American tango", versus the "Rio de la Plata tango".
By 1914 more authentic tango stylings were soon developed[which?], along
with some variations like Albert Newman's "Minuet" tango.
In Argentina, the onset in 1929 of the Great Depression, and restrictions
introduced after the overthrow of the Hip먴o Yrigoyen government in 1930
caused tango to decline. Its fortunes were reversed as tango again became
widely fashionable and a matter of national pride under the government
of Juan Per쬠Tango declined again in the 1950s with economic depression
and as the military dictatorships banned public gatherings, followed
by the popularity of rock and roll.
In 2009 the tango was declared as part of the world's "intangible
cultural heritage" by UNESCO.